Monday, 28 December 2015

Certificates

Certificates 15 & 18 Research

In the film industry, certificates given to films are based on 9 themes the movie contains. These include:


  • Discrimination
  • Drugs
  • Horror
  • Imitable behavior
  • Language
  • Nudity
  • Sex
  • Theme
  • Violence


Certificate 15


The bbfc have set guidelines on what a 15 may include. These are split up into the 9 categories listed above.
Discrimination
The work as a whole must not endorse discriminatory language or behaviour.
Drugs
Drug taking may be shown but the film as a whole must not promote or encourage drug misuse. The misuse of easily accessible and highly dangerous substances (for example, aerosols or solvents) is unlikely to be acceptable.
Horror
Strong threat and menace are permitted unless sadistic or sexualised.
Imitable behaviour
Dangerous behaviour (for example, hanging, suicide and self-harming) should not dwell on detail which could be copied. Easily accessible weapons should not be glamorised.
Language
There may be frequent use of strong language. The strongest terms may be acceptable if justified by the context. Aggressive or repeated use of the strongest language is unlikely to be acceptable.
Nudity
Nudity may be allowed in a sexual context but without strong detail. There are no constraints on nudity in a non-sexual or educational context.
Sex
Sexual activity may be portrayed without strong detail. There may be strong verbal references to sexual behavior, but the strongest references are unlikely to be acceptable unless justified by context. Works whose primary purpose is sexual arousal or stimulation are unlikely to be acceptable.
Theme
No theme is prohibited, provided the treatment is appropriate for 15 year olds.
Violence
Violence may be strong but should not dwell on the infliction
of pain or injury. The strongest gory images are unlikely to
be acceptable. Strong sadistic or sexualised violence is also
unlikely to be acceptable.
There may be detailed verbal references to sexual violence
but any portrayal of sexual violence must be discreet and
have a strong contextual justification.

Certificate 18

In line with the consistent findings of the BBFC’s public consultations and The Human Rights Act 1998, at ‘18’ the BBFC’s guideline concerns will not normally override the principle that adults should be free to choose their own entertainment. Exceptions are most likely in the following areas:


  • Where the material is in breach of the criminal law, or has been created through the commission of a criminal offence
  • Where material or treatment appears to the BBFC to risk harm to individuals or, through their behaviour, to society - for example, any detailed portrayal of violent or dangerous acts, or of illegal drug use, which may cause harm to public health or morals. This may include portrayals of sexual or sexualised violence which might, for example, eroticise or endorse sexual assault
  • Where there are more explicit images of sexual activity which cannot be justified by context.  Such images may be appropriate in "R18" works, and in "sex works" will normally be confined to that category.


Monday, 14 December 2015

Typography Research

As part of our main task, our group has to conduct some research on various aspects of the 'thriller' genre. I was given the task of looking at Typography. Here is what i came up with:

Typography: the style and appearance of printed matter. In films it can be anything from the main title to the credits. It is very crucial in setting the tone of the film.  Here are a few examples:



Se7en: The typography used is a san-serif style of font which makes the title bold. The white text with the large font size an the text in capital letters, adds to the clearness and boldness of the text from the background images. The font also has a blurred effect. This may connote crime and hidden identity as blurred images are commonly associated with things that should not be shown.

The number '7' replacing the 'v' in the typography links to the title of the film and makes the title unique and creative. Furthermore some of the text looks like its been etched into a wall of some sort. This connotes craziness and says to the audience that their is a potential psycho in the film





Inception: The typography used is set in a bold, san-serif font, and is red. This makes the title stand out from the background images. The text has a large font size adding to the clearness and boldness of the title. The colour red is associated with anger, blood and danger which connotes that this thriller film involves action. The colour red can also connote love and desire in this thriller. 




Shutter Island: The typography used is very similar to the above film, bold and red. However the style of the fonts looks like the text has been blurred. This connotes that the film is mysterious and potentially scary. 




Black Swan: The typography used is a serif style of font. This symbolises the elegant aspect of this film, as serif font styles are commonly associated with females. This connotes that the target audience for this film is woman. The black text colour links to the title 'Black Swan'. This connotes that its going to be quite a dark psychological triller.


Casino Royale: The typography used is once again a san-serif font with a blurred ultra blue effect. The blurred effect connotes speed and pace to the film, suggesting this film involves action. 


Taken: The typography used is a san-serif font to connotes masculinity. This suggest this film involves action and violence. The white text colour with the large font size and all the letters in capitals, makes the tile bold and stands out from the background.  The text also looks like a modern digital watch, connoting that the film could be to do with time.

Taken

Thursday, 10 December 2015

Voice Editing

This video explains how I made my voice sound like its coming through the phone.

video

I did not know how to do this when I started editing so I researched in great detail. The video below was very useful.


Continuity Task First Draft

Here is our first draft, edited by myself with the help of Aashna and Mason.



 We are generally very happy with our film. Of course, there are some improvements to be made, here are a few:


  • In the sequence when Jess is putting the dinner on the table, it is sometimes hard to hear the music in the background, so I will increase the volume in premiere pro for the final cut.
  • When Harvey answers the phone for the first time, the close up of his face is slightly out of focus but not bad enough for us to re shoot.
  • When Jess and Harvey are having their conversation over dinner, the shot of Jess is much darker. I may have to tint the footage or use colour keying to make it seem lighter than it was and match the lighting in the shot of Harvey speaking.
All these improvements will be made for the final cut.

Tuesday, 8 December 2015

Essay comparison/ evaluation

My first essay needed a lot of improvements so Mr Ford asked me to look at Aayush's essay on Doctor Who and compare it to mine on Jane Eyre. The first thing I noticed is that my essay had a lot more review and comment that Aayush's. However a lot of my comments werent relevant to the question of how gender is represented. This is something I was aware of whilst writing the essay but i struggled to find ways of linking it to this. Reading his essay has helped me understand how to do this in the future. Aayush also discussed a lot of different camera shots and technical langauge, which i dont think i did enough of. Every shot connotes something and has meaning, I need to learn how to analyse this quickly and efficiently.
Furthermore Aayush spoke about all four of the technical areas ( mise en scene, camera, sound and editing) throughout his essay. Although I was fairly confident about mise en scene and sound, I struggled to speak in detail about editing and camera. I want my essay to show that i can speak about all four of the technical areas with confidence. To improve on this next time I will look at our revision booklet and revise some technical terms. 
Finally, I was very impressed by the fact that Aayush spoke about how the context and current events related to gender. He went into detail about how Martha defied the typical stereotype of women being weaker than men and how that view is changing in the 21st century. This was a very unique point and shows that Aayush has a very good understanding of the piece.

Mr ford asked us to give Aayush a mark out of 20 in each area. Here are my guesses:

Explanation/Analysis/Argument: 16/20

Examples: 15/20

Techincal: 6/10

Overall: 37/50

Monday, 7 December 2015

Seven Title sequence analysis

The opening to the film has been made to be in the form of a title sequence that contains various shots displaying graphic and disturbing visuals making for an effective opening sequence to a film of the thriller genre. The non-diegetic sound included within the sequence works very well with the visuals used. The music has this eerie and sinister vibe causing the audience to immediately understand the tone. It’s very dark and unsettling. The music achieves this through the use of high pitched screeching noises in addition to the digitally created sounds in order to create a feeling of distortion and insanity.
Most of the shots are framed with an "extreme close up" of a particular object which has enhanced the audience's focus on the images presented to them by playing with the depth of field of the shot. All the focus is mainly on the object that is close to the camera, but it sometimes flickers in and out of focus, this continues the feeling of insanity in the sequence but also shows the audience where to look. Furthermore the audience are looking to retrieve information about the character and storyline throughout the sequence, so the fact that the focus is always changing teases the audience as they try and find clues in all the different shots. This keeps them intrigued throughout. Another way in which the editor has contributed to the concept is through the editing and pacing of the sequence; due to the fast pace of the sequence causing the audience to witness brief glimpses of these disturbing contents allowing the audience to not only further test their ability to remember details that may be need within the story but to justify that the overall tone and feel of the film's story will rely the gritty and dark nature.
The director has set the tone through the inclusion of few dark colours. This connotes the idea of discomfort and evil due to the shadowy look of all the shots. This was important to note as the colours indexical meanings associate with the mise en scene from the shot.

This particular shot shows off all of the above. The Extreme close up feels to intimate and its almost uncomfortable to watch, the director intended you to see each mark and bit of skin on his thumbs because its grotesque. To add to this the dark shadowing in the shot makes it seem more sinister and important, he is doing something bad.

Overall this is a very effective opening sequence. It immediately draws the attention of the audience and certainly makes it clear what genre the film is. The shot types and non-diegetic sounds are unique as well as effective. However most importantly it makes you want to continue watching the film.

Monday, 23 November 2015

Filming Complete

Yesterday we finally managed to get our filming done for our continuity task. Our whole group were present and each of us fulfilled our roles. We managed to get all our shots we needed within 2 hours, which shows we were efficient and well organised. Mason got most of the shots and took control in that department but I helped out when she was stuck or I felt like something needed improving. Aashna told us what we had to do next and directed the group strongly. I was also really impressed with our actors; Harvey and Jess. They learnt their lines quickly and we got most of the scenes done within one or two takes.
The only problem we ran into was that we realised our film was too long and we had to cut it down. We had to get rid of our proposed fight scene and have a mysterious phone call instead. Although this was a fairly major adjustment, we thought of a great alternative idea that meant we didnt have to edit the script too much and we still think we have a really unique and high quality short film.

I have already begun editing the first draft and i'm excited to put my skills into practice.

Wednesday, 18 November 2015

Technical Areas In The Exam

Before going into our exam, it is vital that we know what to expect. No matter what, we will definitely have to talk about how one of the following aspects is REpresented in the 5 minute 'tv drama' extract we have to watch:

  • Age
  • Gender
  • Regional Identity
  • Ethnicity
  • Ability/Disabillity
  • Sexuality
  • Class and Status


These aspects are REpresented through four different technical areas:

  • Camera shots, angles, Movement and Composition 
  • Editing 
  • Sound
  • Mise En Scene
We have to think about how these technical areas help represent one of the above aspects. So for instance if we had to discuss gender and in the extract there was a low angle shot from a woman's POV and a man was looking down to the camera, This would suggest that the Male is more dominant than the female. This would come under the 'camera shots' area. We would have to think about how the other 3 technical areas are used as well as this. Does anything in the Mise en scene represent Genre? Does the music suggest anything either?


As part of our preparation for the exam, we have to think about the certain stereotypes that come with an area of representation and how they can be shown through the technical areas. Some stereotypes of gender are:
  • Male vs Female (binary opposites)
  • Males are more dominant than females
  • Females are more mature than males
  • Males are aggressive 
  • Females are tender, sometimes weak
  • Females often helped by males when in dangerous situations
  • Females show more emotion
  • Girls associated with pink,bright colours
  • Boys associated with Red, Blue 
The reason its important to know certain stereotypes and binary opposites is that we can already know all the different aspects we can talk about in our notes and actual exam, Hopefully this makes us more comfortable and confident in the exam, and results in a better grade.

Tuesday, 17 November 2015

Understanding Premiere Pro

FILE FORMATS
The first thing im going to discuss is File Formats. When making films or video, you must consider what file format to export it in. Each format has different features and they are suited for different things. Here are the main three file formats and their advantages and disadvantages:
  Avi-  AVI files support multiple streaming audio and video. if AVI files are compressed using some codecs then in order to play the file it needs the same codec to be installed on the device. Put in simple terms, this means AVI may not play on all machines due to its codec. AVI files if uncompressed can be very large in size as compared to the other file formats.

Wmv-Windows Media (WMV) is a file type which can contain video in one of several video compression formats developed by Microsoft. The original video format, known as WMV, was originally designed for Internet streaming. It also compresses the video which makes it smaller and easier to use/upload. I use WMV when exporting my videos because I find it uploads quickly to youtube but retains a high quality.

Mp4- Professional but often large file format that can be played on the internet. Therefore good for youtube and other internet videos.

I should also note the file format .MOV because this is the main file format used by macintosh users. It requires a very specific codec to work but is very high quality with large file sizes.


COLOUR ENCODING SYSTEMS

When opening up premiere, you will have to decide whether to make your video NTSC or PAL. These are two types of colour coding systems that affect the quality of the content you make on TVs. NTSC runs at 30 frames per second. A frame is a still image, but when different images are put together it becomes a moving image, so your seeing 30 still images per seond. NTSC also has an aspect ratio of 720x480. Aspect ratio is the width and height of the image. However PAL runs at 25 fps and at a ratio of 720x576. NTSC is used in the US and Japan whereas PAL is used in the UK, Australia and Sweden. This means that if you try and play NTSC in England, it wont work on most DVD players.
So when opening premiere, you should make sure you select the right coding system for where you are using it.

Thursday, 12 November 2015

Script

Of course, every film needs a script. Our group wanted to make an Action Comedy so we tried to make the script funny in places, but also fairly short as we need our film to be roughly one and a half minutes. Most of the action will be through the visuals and the shots we get, so the comedy needs to come through the dialogue. Obviously we don't have any professional writers in our group so we pulled together and did it ourselves. I took the lead in this part of the preparation as I came up with the comedy aspect of our film so I thought it was my duty to bring the script to life.


Tuesday, 10 November 2015

SHOT LIST

SHOT LIST (rough)
Title screen- 5/6 secs
Medium shot of main character walking into frame- 3 secs
Close up shot on face when he answers the phone- 3 secs
Medium shot of character walking down street- 5 secs
Close up face when he hangs up phone- 2 secs
Medium shot walking- 2 secs
Close up shot face, answers phone again- 4 secs
Extreme close up of watch before ending phone call-2 secs
Long shot of another man running into frame, tackling main character- 3 seconds
Various close and medium shots for short fight scene- 7/10 seconds
Crossover with transition to Main characters wife at home, finishing making dinner- 3 seconds
Close up on main character looking at the watch panicking- 1 second
Long shot as main runs away from attacker- 2/3 seconds
Another tilt medium shot of wife about to put dinner on the table
Close up shot as wife places dinner on table- 2 seconds
Camera then zooms to front door as main enters- 5 seconds
Close up shot of him doing up tie-3 seconds
Medium shot as he greets wife—3 seconds
Close up shot as he winks at camera- 1 second


Job Roles In Our Prelimanary task

As mentioned in a previous blog post, our task is to prepare and shoot a short film containing someone entering a room and engaging in a conversation with someone in the room. We are completing this task in a group of 3. My group is:
Aashna Jadeja 
Mason Clifford
Arthur Hill (me)

Each person in our group was allocated a different Job role that suits their skill set and characteristics. Aashna was given the role of Director and Producer. Her job is to direct and overlook the making and preparation of the piece. She must help with the script,camera shots and organise the rest of the group to make sure they are all working as hard as possible. Although the director is probably the most important role in the group, she must let the rest of the group influence her decisions and take their opinions into account.  So far I think she has done a very good job as a director. She has listened to everyones views, she has helped make our idea into a unique and interesting plot and has been very clear on when she wants things done by. If she continues in this way I believe she will lead us to a very good final piece. 

Mason was given the role of DOP (director of photography). This job requires her to take control with all the camera work. This means she must know different shot types, the best position for shots and most importantly she must know what shot to do when. Although most of this will take place during filming, Mason must also create a shot list so we know exactly what we are doing before we film. This means thinking about the task frame by frame and thinking about each and every different camera shot we will need. Mason must also think about the Mise En Scene in our film.For instance the lighting and setting is crucial for Mason to think about. I think Mason has done well as a DOP so far. One thing I'm really impressed with is that she has got involved with everything, even when it does not connect to her job role. We are running slightly behind of finishing our shot list but it will be completed before we begin filming.

As Editor my main role is to put together and assemble all the shots we have filmed and make the film interesting and seemingly professional. I have to take many things into account when editing; will the plot line be clear? Do the titles look professional? Which shots shall I use in the final cut? One thing I must do is match my editing to the tone of the film. This is expressed through transitions, background music and the length of shots.Despite my job being mainly in post production I have tried to get involved as much as i can with the other aspects of our preparation. I helped come up with initial idea and I am helping with the writing of the script. I for one am confident I can edit our film to a high standard and help make it a unique and entertaining piece.

So far I think our group is working really well together and we are each pushing each other to go beyond our comfort zone. The only thing I think we can improve on is being more efficient with our deadlines.

Monday, 9 November 2015

Rule of Thirds and 180

THE RULE OF THIRDS


The rule of thirds is essentially a set of imaginary lines that divide the frame into nine sections. This creates reference points which act as guides for framing the image. The thirds are separated by lines going horizontally and vertically. If you want an image to seem more interesting and to stand out, you would place the focus of the image on one of the ‘focus points’ (places where the lines meet)

In the above image you can see the effect of using the rule of thirds. The rule of thirds stems from a theory that the human eye naturally looks to intersection points that occur when an image is split into thirds.
Of course rules are meant to be broken. When taking a shot of a person up close, it is sometimes better to place them in the centre of the shot, so it’s obvious they are important. However even when taking portraits, you should make sure that the eyes are on focus points, like so:



180 RULE

The 180 rule shows where to put the cameras during a conversation between two people:





The Brown haired character is looking to the audiences left, the blonde character is looking to the audience’s right. This gives off the effect that they are looking at each other when the different shots are edited and cut together, and therefore the audience get more immersed in the conversation. It is more effective than having both characters in shot because the audience can see more facial expressions and emotions.

Thursday, 5 November 2015

Story Board

Here is our rough story board for our continuity task 'Home By 7'. We made it as a group as we thought it would be useful to look back on whilst filming. We are all very happy with it and anxious to begin filming.

Filming date set and Location

We are filming on Saturday 7th of November at Masons House. We wanted the film to seem real as it consists of a husband and wife seeing each other at there home. This meant that if we filmed it in school it would seem odd and unrealistic. Masons house is also good because the surrounding area is perfect for our fight and chase scenes. We have the whole day to film on saturday so we should be able to get most of our shots completed. However we have left next week free in case we need to anything differently. Moreover the weather on saturday is overcast, which suits the mood of our film.

Iceland Video



I recently went on a school trip to Iceland, it was a great experience. As there are so many things to see and experience there, I thought it would be a great oppurtunity to bring my DSLR camera, record some clips and put a short film together. It would give me a chance to try out some techniques and skills we have been working on in Media, such as rule of thirds and using premiere pro. I am very happy with the end result but there are also many things i can improve; 

-          Focus of camera: close up of black sand was a dynamic shot but sadly not in focus. Other shots not always in focus
-          Hand held most of the time is quite steady however when shooting a close up i should try to use a tripod where possible as these shots were zoomed in & this made them appear quite shaky
-          I struggled to make the church scene fit with the tone of the film, so i need to research ways in how to to smoothly change the mood of a film.

I used a Canon D3200 to film the video. Next time i would bring more lenses with me so i could get a larger variety of shots. I would also use a tripod to stabilise my shots.

Overall I am very glad I made the film because I feel more ready and prepared for our continuity task.

Saturday, 31 October 2015

DISCUSS THE WAYS IN WHICH CAMERON HAS USED BINARY OPPOSITION TO CREATE MEANING IN TITANIC

DISCUSS THE WAYS IN WHICH CAMERON HAS USED BINARY OPPOSITION TO CREATE MEANING IN TITANIC
As the extract begins, the first establishing shots are close up panning shots of the Titanic. The camera is facing up to the titanic, making it seem big and powerful. This is supported by the grand orchestral music in the background. Whilst the Titanic is on the left hand side of the frame, there are many poor people looking up at the titanic in the right of the frame. This is a binary opposition of the rich looking down upon the poor. The Titanic is an indexical sign of wealth whereas the dark, small figures represent poverty. The next shot is a close up of a car being lifted onto the Titanic. The car is purple and gold. Purple being an indexical sign of Royalty and Gold is a sign of Wealth. Furthermore, the car is being lifted by poorer people, who are all looking up at it, symbolising that wealthier people are more dominant. To add this, the car is in the centre of the frame, making it seem more important than the people surrounding it. Finally, there is an extreme close up of a young girls face looking up at the Titanic, she is extremely impressed at the ship, connoting she is not used to seeing such wealth. Moreover the girl has many teeth missing which is an obvious sign of poverty.
The next scene starts with a car, once again gold and purple (so the audience know the people inside are rich), pulls up and Rose steps out. The camera is looking down at her which signifies she is important. To support this, as the camera pans down, the music becomes louder and more impressive when her face is revealed. Her face is clean, bright and almost shining. This is a powerful binary opposite to the previous shot of the dirty, messy face of the young girl as it shows the difference between the rich and poor. Rose is also wearing mostly white, which signifies innocence, so the audience immediately take a liking to her. However when Rose sees Titanic she is unimpressed, which is another binary opposition of the young girl, because she was fascinated by it. As Roses fiancé steps out the car, there is an extreme close up of him smiling. He is charismatic and confident as if he is better and more important than the people around him, signifying he is upper class. Additionally he takes out and Gold pocket watch, which is a symbol of wealth. The usher is also told to speak to his servant, which connotes that he is not important enough to waste the man’s time. The usher also speaks to the fiancé as if he is of higher authority, he speaks nervously and quickly whereas the fiancé has better vocabulary and speaks calmly. All the rich families begin to walk to the titanic. They all are wearing bright clothes and elaborate jewellery. Although there are many more poorer people surrounding them, the focus is all of them because of their eye catching clothing, this further shows their dominance over the lower class. Finally, the panning camera shot shows the poorer class getting checked for nits and illnesses. However the rich family are allowed to walk straight through, which signifies that the higher class are more respected and trusted.

The next scene starts with the camera going through a dusty, unclean window into a dark smoky bar. This shows the difference between the world of the rich outside, which is shown as bright, clean and exciting and the world of the poor as dark and gloomy. The window is the separation between those two worlds. On top of this, the Titanic can still be seen through the window, which connotes that it’s something the poorer people are aspiring to. In the bar, a few men are playing cards around the table. A close up of the cards shows that they are tattered and worn. This connotes that they have been used a lot and the men playing with them cannot afford a new set. Moreover the men playing are similar to the cards they are playing with. They look tired and worn out. Further into the scene the camera shows the pile of money being gambled on at the centre of the table, it’s not much. The fact the money is in coins suggests they do not own much money and it’s not a large amount. What’s more the money is silver, which is not as rare or as special as gold. All this connotes the men playing are very poor. This is a complete binary opposite of the earlier scene where the man handed notes of money to the usher as if it was no big deal. This suggests richer people use notes. Furthermore when the men win tickets to the Titanic they are clearly extremely excited, similar to the reaction of the little girl who saw the ship, but very dissimilar to Roses reaction as she has been on many ships before and was unimpressed. This is another binary opposite.

Tuesday, 20 October 2015

RAILING

The RAILING acronym is a very useful way of helping us remember the key concpets we shall explore in Media. Here is a breif overlook:
Representation- how the media is presented or packaged to suit its audience

Audience- Who the media is presented to.

Institution- The people who create the media and manipulate the way its presented to the audience. E.g Disney

Language- Medias connotive meaning through signs,words and sound.

Ideology- The meanings,intentions or ideas expressed through the media

Narrative- The story told through the media.

Genre- The way media is categorised through its characteristics, codes and conventions.

Friday, 16 October 2015

Semiotics In More Detail

The study of 'Semiotics' is a crucial part to our development in media. It gives us a firm foundation onto which we will be able to develop a more structured and confident understanding of media peices. These peices have their own language which is expressed through many different things like audio and visuals. These are called codes. To comprehend these codes we need to get to grips with a range of key concepts and ideas. I briefly spoke about the importance of the anagram 'RAILING' in my previous blog post. The anagram helps us remember and identify all the key concepts we will learn throughout the course.

The defintion of semiotics is the study of signs,symbols and signification.However to understand this definition we need to know what a sign consists of. In media, There are many different signs and meanings from them. Here are the basic definitions:
Sign- The smallest unit of meaning. Anything that can be used to communicate.
Signifier- Any material thing that signifies, e.g words on a page, facial expression, an image.
Signified- The concept that a signifier refers to.
This may seem complicated but a simple diagram definitely helped my understanding.

So in this diagram, the word 'tree' is the signifier and the image of a tree is the signified. This means that when we see the word tree, we picture a tree in my head.

In semiotics, we catergorise signs into three types:
Iconic
Indexical
Symbolic

An iconic sign is a sign where the signifier resembles the signified,like the above picture resembles a tree.
An iconic sign is a sign where the signifier is caused by the signified for example, smoke signifies fire.
A symbolic sign is an arbitary sign, where the relation between signifier and signified is purely conventional and culturally specific, eg most words.

Friday, 9 October 2015

The Comedy Genre

WHAT IS COMEDY?
uComedy is a film, play, or television programme intended to make an audience laugh.
uThere are many sub genres of comedy and each has its own characteristics and humour
uComedy can also link into completely different genres. For instance animation, family and even action movies sometimes contain elements of comedy throughout the films.

uComedy is one of the most popular genres in the world because it has a positive effect on its audience. Its relaxing, enjoyable and entertaining.

COMEDY SUB GENRES
uAs said before, comedy has many sub genres, here are some of the most popular:
uRomantic comedy (rom com) ex. Love Actually
uMockumentary- ex. Borat
uParody- ex. Disaster Movie
uSpoof- ex. Tropic Thunder
uFamily Comedies- ex. ELF
uThere are also some less know genres like slapstick, School, Dark humour and comedy thrillers.
There is certainly a sub genre suited for everyone.

MY FAVOURITE COMEDIES
u1. ANCHORMAN- Stars Will Ferrell and Paul Rudd. About a news anchor trying to hit the big time. Hillarious and Ridiculous
u2. Hot Fuzz- Starring Simon Pegg and Nick Frost. A top police officer moves to the countryside and discovers his village is full of maniacs.
u3. Airplane. Real slapstick comedy, one of the most famous comedy films. Full of one liners and memorable quotes.
u4. Friends. The most consistently entertaining and enjoyable shows to have been made.
u5. The Office UK- Very unique show but also very well written with one of the best comedy plots I have seen.
How Comedy has Developed
uComedy started off as mainly slapstick in the 1800s. Most of the films were silent so directors relied of physical humour to bring the laughs
uComedy really took of through one of its pioneers; Charlie Chaplin.
uChaplin was born in 1889 and he made his first film in 1914. He self directed and wrote all his pieces and his career lasted over 75 years.
uHe was famous for his unique movements and acrobatics, using his body to create humour. However his humour was also quite natural. He would often wait for the environment around him to present him with an oppurtunity to get people laughing.

1930s-1950s
uAs we move into the early 1930s, Slapstick was slowly growing out of fashion as new technology meant that films could contain speaking.
uVerbal humour at the time consisted of innuendos, parodies and on screen puns
uOne of the first directors to use verbal humour was William Fields who was born in 1880. His most famous film was little Chikadee.
uComedy duo ‘Laurel and Hardy’ were also very popular at this time. They used more elaborate sets and storylines than previous comedies as well as using a combination of slapstick and verbal humour.
1960s-1980s
At this point, comedy became darker and somewhat serious in films.
There were more spoofs on real life events and spin offs from other tv shows. The leaders of the genre at this point were a group called Monty Python. One of the most famous actors being John Cleese.
There films were well written and consistently funny. A lot of there comedy was very surreal and did not make sense. Scenes were often not in a logical order.
For instance in one of there most famous films ‘Life of Brian’ which is based in biblical times, a man is randomly captured and sent up into space by aliens. The sheer strangeness makes it humorous. Life of Brian also built up a lot of controversy as it made fun of Jesus’ life and actions. For instance as Jesus is carrying the cross up the hill he asks a random stranger to carry it for him. The film was banned in 12 countries
1990s- present day
uComedies nowadays have big budgets and there are many huge stars coming out of the comedy genre.
uOne of the most popular comedy sub genres at the moment is Romantic Comedy. This is because people can relate to the situations they see on screen but unlike other sub genres, Rom Coms can have a deeper meaning to them.
uOne of the most famous being ‘love actually’ its all star cast and uniquely heart-warming story led it to be one of the highest grossing British films ever.
uSome of the biggest actors around today are comedians: Will Ferrell, Jim Carey, Kevin Hart and Jonah Hill

Friday, 25 September 2015

What I Have Learned In Media So Far

So far in media I have learnt many interesting, insightful and somewhat eye opening pieces of information. Most of the things we have looked at are new to me but I am already intrigued by some of the concepts we have discussed. One thing I have already picked up on is that Media makes you question a lot of things.

 We have started looking at semiotics and semiology which is the study of signs symbols and signification. However so far we have focused on learning not to state the obvious and look more deeply at certain things. For instance we have been shown many different pictures and been asked to say what we see. Most of the time the answer seems obvious but we are quickly shown that it is not. One thing we have looked at in more detail is a picture of a pipe, which is in fact not a pipe. Mr Ford has used this to demonstrate that just because we see it on a screen does not mean it’s real. We have also discussed the hypothesis that we, as a society are completely controlled by the media. We are told what to wear eat and even what to think. However there is also an argument that we have become so accustomed to the media (tertiary) that we do not take notice of it anymore and have almost become out of its manipulative grasp. Personally I believe that media definitely influences our decisions but does not control them. We have also learnt a very important anagram that will help us throughout our media course:
Representation
Audience
Institution
Language
Ideology
Narrative
Genre

These are the main concepts and ideas we will talk about in media. Genre has been identified as the most important one. This links into my first few weeks learning about the coursework side of the course in Miss Piggott’s lessons.  We have discussed the importance of genre and the characteristics that come with it. Genre is useful because it categorises films so people know what they are going to see and if they will like it or not. For instance little children are unlikely to want to see a romantic comedy but more likely a family film instead. Genre will help them know what they want to go and see.

People know what genre a film is by the way it is advertised and marketed. For example the film ‘inside out’ could sound like a horror movie if interpreted in a certain way but its film cover and adverts clearly show it’s a family film. However having Genres can also cause problems. If a film is over advertised or ‘over hyped’ audiences come in expecting  a lot and can be let down, sometimes because it does not feel like it’s been advertised as the genre it actually seems like. An example of this would be ‘the Purge’. The trailers and advertisements made it seem like it was going to be one of the films of the year, a must see. However in the end the film lacked a good storyline possibly due to its low budget. This led to audiences across the globe being very disappointed. An example of a film that was well marketed and lived up to its expectations was The Imitation Game. Its trailers were clear and enticing so people knew what they were going to see and it was also obvious it was a Drama. The film ended up winning many Oscars and Baftas as well as being the most successful film of the year, making a huge $157 million in profit. This could also be due to the fact that the lead actor Benedict Cumberbatch has a huge fan base who would watch the film purely because he features in it. Moreover the Drama genre is a genre that is enjoyed by most audiences, making the film appealing to a wide range of people.
So in short, Genre is crucial to the world of film and television, but sometimes people are deceived by the marketing of a film and expect too much of the movies they are seeing.


As well as talking about Genre in Miss Piggots lessons, we have also looked at what we need to do as part of our Media Course. We first learned that 50% of the course is taken up by coursework. This is split into two sections, the first of which is creating a title sequence for a film in a group. Each group member has been given a certain role. The choices were Director, Producer, DOP or Editor. Each role requires different jobs and tasks. For instance the director should be demanding and creative. I have been chosen as the editor in my group meaning I have to put the title sequence together in post-production and think about how I want it to look. I am happy I have been given this role as I have been editing videos for 2 years now so have a good understanding of different techniques I need to use and the software ‘Premiere Pro’ is something I am familiar with. However I will also learn more advanced skills throughout the year and achieve some personal development whilst working on this exciting project and sharing ideas in a group.
Overall I am excited about the next year in media and what I can achieve personally and in a group. Furthermore I look forward to learning more about the film and television industry as well as getting a better understanding of how media affects our culture.